The variety of things to do in Dunedin New Zealand is only surpassed by the city’s varying reputations. The city’s name will conjure up different images depending on who you are. Horticulturists think of the city’s many gardens.
University students either know it for exceptional educational opportunities or as the country’s party capital. People of Scottish descent think of Dunedin as a faraway bit of home. The wildlife fascinates zoologists, while ornithologists know it as a home to many rare and endangered birds. Photographers appreciate the city’s overall beauty.
Dunedin’s Scottish roots influence education, religion, and local colour, but its natural beauty is what makes this city so special. An ever-changing landscape filled with rare and endangered wildlife kept us enchanted while we soaked in some of the history and feasted on the culinary excellence.
Dunedin is home to the world’s steepest street, the rarest penguin, and a plethora of claims to fame. A former gold rush destination, Dunedin was once New Zealand’s largest city by population.
Today, it stands at number 5, with Auckland as the largest. Dunedin is worth a visit.
Before we reveal the top things to do in Dunedin …
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As American expats who have been living in and exploring NZ for over 20 years, we see things from both a local’s perspective and from that of a visitor. Therefore, we understand what it’s like to come here and have things be similar, but not always exactly what we are used to. We share the information on this page from this perspective.
Things to do in Dunedin out in nature
From amazing gardens to stunning train rides, Dunedin is an outdoor playground.
Dunedin Botanic Garden
Beautiful and seemingly endless, the Dunedin Botanic Garden is free to explore and is one of New Zealand’s best gardens. Covering 30 hectares, it offers a variety of flora and fauna in a tranquil and relaxed setting. It is a garden of international significance. Established in 1863, it has been in its current location since 1867.
Claim to Fame: New Zealand’s first Botanic Garden.
Dunedin Chinese Gardens
Built entirely in Shanghai, China, it was carefully deconstructed, transported, and reconstructed in New Zealand. Attention is paid to every detail. It’s a true place of tranquillity as well as being one of the city’s youngest gardens, opening in 2008. It is the only authentic scholar’s garden in the southern hemisphere. We wrote more about the Dunedin Chinese Gardens here.
Claim to Fame: First authentic Chinese Garden in the Southern Hemisphere and the only one in New Zealand.
Orokonui Ecosanctuary is a self-sustaining ecosystem supporting many rare and endangered native plants and animals. It’s a wildlife reserve comprising over 300 hectares of coastal Otago native forest surrounded by a predator-proof fence. Self-guided walking trails allow visitors to explore at their own fitness level. The signposted trail options range from wheelchair-friendly to a steep, uneven loop that takes 3 hours to complete.
We took a guided tour and found it the ideal way to learn more about the flora and fauna, and, more importantly, to spot things we would have otherwise missed. Orokonui Ecosanctuary is home to many native species. As nature is unpredictable, each visit will be different.
We saw several endangered and protected residents, including the Otago skink, the tuatara, and the South Island Robin. We didn’t see (but know they are there) the Takahe, kea, or kiwi bird. One wouldn’t expect nocturnal kiwi birds to be out during the daytime.
Several species endemic to New Zealand seemed to be flourishing as we enjoyed watching Bellbirds, Tui, Fantails, blackbirds, and even a Rifleman.
Orokonui Ecosanctuary has succeeded in its vision to create a place where “people can enjoy a peaceful encounter with nature, and from which they may take recreation, refreshment, new knowledge, new skills, and a new commitment to conservation.” The ecosanctuary is about 25 minutes north of Dunedin. It reminds me of three North Island locations: Zealandia in Wellington, TiriTiri Matangi Island outside of Auckland, and Shakespear Regional Park in Whangaparaoa.
Claim to Fame: Has New Zealand’s largest tree, an 81m tall Eucalyptus regnans (an Australian native).
Spectacular scenery surrounded us as we enjoyed a train trip through the 45 kilometres-long Taieri Gorge. Round trip from Dunedin, we travelled on tracks laid between 1871-1891. The ever-changing scenery held my interest for the entire four-hour adventure, much of which I spent on the outdoor platform with my camera. We passed through 12 tunnels and over countless bridges, including the Wingatui Viaduct, the largest wrought iron structure in New Zealand.
Note that it’s quite different now from the last time that we visited. Today the train runs a much shorter distance and on a very limited schedule.
Claim to Fame: One of the world’s great train trips.
History-based things to do in Dunedin
If it’s history you are after, there are several fascinating museums in this city.
Toitū Otago Settlers Museum
This free-to-enter museum takes you through the social history of the Otago region, from the first settlers (Kai Tahu) and their ancestors to the European settlement and then to the present day. The exhibits highlight the changes in the region’s character, culture, technology, art, fashion, and transport.
Claim to Fame: New Zealand’s most modern and innovative museum of social history.
Our quick run through the Otago Museum was not nearly long enough to appreciate all it offers. It is clearly one of the better museums in the country. It covers a broad base of collections from Victorian taxidermy animals to geological history. The top floor is original and intact to tell the story from the beginning. There are several “cabinets of curiosity” filled with a grab bag of things to observe. Allocate at least half a day.
Claim to Fame: One of the largest museum collections in New Zealand.
Perpetual Guardian Planetarium
The planetarium offers six shows daily, including a live show similar to the one at Stardome in Auckland. Unfortunately, we ran out of time before we had a chance to visit here.
Claim to Fame: World’s southernmost planetarium.
New Zealand Sports Hall of Fame
Shh, don’t tell anyone, but I don’t follow many sports (only America’s Cup). Therefore, we didn’t visit this commemoration of New Zealand’s greatest sporting triumphs. But if you are a sports fan, it should be high on your list. It is located inside the Dunedin Railway Station.
Claim to Fame: New Zealand’s only sports Hall of Fame.
Things to do in Dunedin: discover wildlife
Fur seals, New Zealand sea lions, Little Penguins, Yellow-eyed penguins, and Royal Albatross are some of the key wildlife you will see on the peninsula.
Royal Albatross Centre
Even if you are not a bird lover, you will be mesmerized watching the Royal Albatross glide through the sky on their three-metre wingspan. Or, visit at dusk and watch a breeding colony of penguins return home for the evening, now run independently at the same location. We opted to do both, and seeing one of the world’s largest flying birds and the world’s smallest penguin within a few hours of each other was magical. Conservation and preservation is the number one goal here, and the tours protect the wildlife while being informative and delightful. Located on Taiaroa Head at the end of the Otago Peninsula, it is accessible via car or as one of many stops within this tour (check for discounts).
The Royal Albatross Centre sits at Taiaroa Head, the farthest end of the Otago Peninsula. Here we stood mesmerized as we watched a breeding colony of the Northern Royal Albatross glide through the sky on their three-metre wingspan. Conservation and preservation are the number one goals here, and the tours protect the wildlife while being informative and delightful. Reserve your Royal Albatross Centre Tour here.
See Little Blue Penguins
Also, at Taiaroa Head, closer to dusk, we learned about and watched a breeding colony of penguins return home for the evening. This event is now run independently by Blue Penguins Pukekura at the same location and includes an opportunity to learn about the significance of the reserve to the Māori people. In 2022, it was voted among the top 10 best experiences in New Zealand on Trip Advisor. Reserve your Blue Penguins Pukekura tour here.
Claim to Fame: Taiaroa Head is home to the world’s only mainland breeding colony of the Northern Royal Albatross.
We can’t do it all on a single trip, and we visited Penguin Place ten years ago. It is a private conservation reserve built with a series of covered trenches that allow visitors to remain hidden while observing the endangered yellow-eyed penguin, many in nesting boxes built in their natural habitat. The money collected from tickets helps the penguins.
Claim to Fame: World’s first entirely tourism-funded conservation programme.
Take a wildlife cruise
We did this years ago, and it was great. The expert crew pointed out wildlife long before we spotted them. In addition to watching playful fur seals and New Zealand sea lions, we stood mesmerised as the Royal Albatross soared overhead. Best of all, you can often enjoy the Monarch cruise at a discount here.
Claim to fame: over 35 years of award-winning wildlife cruises
Things to do in Dunedin: architecture
Take a look at these images, and you will know why we dedicated a section here to the city’s impressive architecture.
Dunedin Railway Station
Built in the Renaissance Revival style and nicknamed the Gingerbread House, the Dunedin Railway Station is aesthetically pleasing from both the inside and the exterior. It is the city’s fourth railway station and was designed by George Troup, earning him the nickname “Gingerbread George”.
Claim to Fame: Most photographed building in New Zealand.
Otago Boys High School
An in-session boy’s secondary school, a visit here is just to admire the Gothic revival architectural style of the building. It cost £14.800 to build and opened in 1885.
Claim to Fame: One of New Zealand’s oldest boys’ secondary schools.
St. Paul’s Cathedral
Standing tall and overlooking the Octagon (centre of town), St Paul’s Cathedral looks more like a European cathedral than one I would expect to find in New Zealand. Entering, the stained glass and wooden details confirm my deja vu. Construction on this cathedral began in 1919, and it replaced the first parish church of St Paul built in 1862-63.
Things to do in Dunedin: estate homes and gardens
This masterpiece on the Otago Peninsula is privately owned by the Barker family, who generously share it with New Zealand’s citizens and visitors. It is a mock castle (an estate house built after the 16th century) built by William Larnach beginning in 1870.
Over 200 workers spent three years building the shell, while the detail took 12 additional years. It was once destined to become the finest home in Australasia. Through a series of events, it was left abandoned.
Now restored to its original glory, Larnach Castle Dunedin is open for self-guided tours. Be sure to climb the steps to the tower to enjoy expansive views. We, unfortunately, had a foggy day.
I think it is the fabulous gardens that are the real draw here. Once overgrown and hidden, it took extensive work to restore them. Now, they are a treasure, a peaceful walking destination with secret surprises around every corner.
Segmented into ten garden areas, they range from flowers to rainforest, from open and playful to a shaded elegance. Man’s creativity compliments nature’s beauty. If you need transportation or prefer a guided tour: Check for discounts on Larnach Castle entry here
Claim to Fame: New Zealand’s only castle.
Olveston historic home
The Olveston home is a look at the lifestyle of the wealthy in the early 1900s. An original and virtually unchanged home filled with fine art, is often called an “aesthetic delight”. The gardens cover 4 hectares. The heirs of David Theomin (the original owner) gifted the house to the City of Dunedin in 1966.
Visits are by guided tour only. Unfortunately, we ran out of time before we had a chance to visit here. You can often get a discount on the guided tour here.
Things to do in Dunedin: art
Dunedin street art
I am a huge fan of street art as it helps to define a city and its personality. The city’s commissioned art portrays its playful, larger-than-life atmosphere. An interactive street art map is available here, or get a copy from your hotel. The street art in Dunedin was huge, colourful, and eclectic.
Dunedin Public Art Gallery
Another destination we didn’t have time to visit, the gallery holds the main public art collection of Dunedin, including old, modern, and contemporary works by New Zealand and overseas artists.
Claim to Fame: New Zealand’s first public Art Gallery and the most extensive collection of old master paintings in New Zealand.
Things to do in Dunedin: brewery tour
Speights is one of New Zealand’s most award-winning beers. It is the “Pride of the South”. As a non-beer drinker, the highlight for me was the full range of product tastings at the end. However, this Dunedin brewery tour was fascinating to Jeff, a former homebrewer. Therefore, he describes the tour here:
The Speights brewery was built in 1876 using the technology of the time. That is gravity. Ingredients started at the top and flowed downward until beer exited at the bottom (and shipped in tankers). The brewery changed many times since being founded by James Speight, Charles Greenslade, and William Dawson, and is now automated with state-of-the-art German brewery technology (most recently, $43 million refurbishments).
The engaging tour takes you through the history of the founding of the brewery, the history of the brands, the brewing process, and some of the old feature areas of the brewery, such as the milling room and brew tank room.
Technology and products have changed, including the development of hop pellets, brew kits, malt products (maltexo), and a “healthier” line of soft drinks. The brewery no longer ships beer in tankers but can produce 1000 kegs of beer per day.
The finale of the tour includes a ½ hour visit to the tasting room for unlimited refreshments. The tour has a selection of all their current beers on tap, as well as ciders, the Hopt range of soda, and other non-alcoholic beverages. Reserve your Speight’s Brewery guided your with tasting here
Claim to Fame: Gold medal winner at the 1877 Brewery awards (winning stars still on their logo today).
More things to do in Dunedin
- Baldwin Street
It may not look that steep in the photo, but try walking up the 35% grade, and you will know.
Claim to Fame: the steepest residential street in the world.
- Otago Farmers Market
It is an iconic Saturday morning place to be, featuring up to 65 local vendors. Colourful and fun, you will find fresh veggies, fruit, eggs, and meats, as well as cheese, baked goods, artisan products and more.
Claim to fame: An authentic farmers market
- Moana Pools
While we didn’t make it here this time, it was a highlight of our last visit. A family-friendly swimming area with six pools, two water slides, waves, a rapid river, and interactive massaging water features.
Claim to Fame: The largest swimming pool in the southern half of New Zealand’s South Island.
- Port Chalmers
Thanks to the Otago gold rush, by the mid-1800s, Port Chalmers was the third-largest port in Australasia. Today, it is a charming artisan community filled with interesting galleries.
Claim to Fame: It was the last port visited by Robert Falcon Scott before heading south on his final expedition to Antarctica.
Dunedin city tours
Our recent visit was our first one in over ten years. The wide variety of engaging things to do in Dunedin caught me by surprise. We allocated only three nights. The visit exhausted us.
If you don’t have a lot of time or prefer to be guided, you might want to consider a tour. We had a detailed look at these and their reviews and personal recommendations we have been given, and feel good about them:
- Dunedin City and Otago Peninsula small-group tour
A 7-hour tour hits the highlights and is perfect for those short on time or cruise ship passengers. You will explore the Larnach Castle and Gardens, plus stops at Taiaroa Head, the Royal Albatross Centre, the Dunedin Railway Station, the University of Otago, and Baldwin Street. Reserve your small group tour here
- Heritage highlights walk – private tour
A very walkable city, there is so much to learn from your private guide on this one-hour city tour. If you are short on time, this is a great way to see the city highlights, including the Octagon, St. Paul’s Cathedral, and the Dunedin Railway Station. Reserve your private City Walks tour here
- ‘Tales from the Darkest Dunedin‘
If you are looking for something off the beaten track, check out this guided walking tour through Andersons Bay Cemetery. Your guide will take you from grave to grave, revealing interesting, awe-inspiring, and touching secrets. Reserve your Andersons Bay Cemetery guided walking tour here
- Southern skies stargazing
The stargazing here is impressive, and if the conditions are right you may even see the Southern Lights (Aurora Australis). A secondary highlight is the Māori stories about the celestial bodies shared by your guide. If you are unsure about this one, simply read the reviews, and they will convince you. Reserve your southern stargazing tour here
Where to stay in Dunedin
We like a central location and prefer to spend our city time on foot. The beautifully refurbished Distinction Dunedin hotel met all our needs with 4.5-star luxury. Thrilled with our choice, we had one of the best night’s sleep I have had in hotels. Don’t miss my review of the Distinction. There are a few other options we also recommend:
|Distinction Dunedin Hotel
|The Distinction made us feel special
Luxuriously comfortable beds
A huge gym on the third floor
|Larnach Lodge and Stable
|Stay and enjoy dinner at NZ’s only castle
Clean and comfortable rooms
|The Victoria Hotel
|Traditional-style hotel rooms
What are your favourite things to do in Dunedin?
More from the South Island you might also like … or check out 18 Extraordinary Things to Do in the South Island.
Disclaimer: We worked with Enterprise Dunedin, the local tourism board. Also, we were provided with many complimentary entrances, tours, sample items, or media rates to assist in the writing of this review. The opinions expressed here are strictly our own.