Valparaiso street art is a bold and dramatic example of personal expression. It is different from other cities. Not so much in its style, but in its artists’ passion, respect, and backstory. Unlike the rest of Chile, where street art is illegal or restricted, the Valparaiso government almost encourages this freedom. As a result, Valparaiso is a vibrant, colourful city offering some of the world’s best street art.
Where to Find Street Art in Valparaiso
Street art in Valparaiso is seemingly everywhere. However, there are some more famous areas, as well as some that are safer. Valpo, as the locals call it, is built on 42 hills (“cerros” in Spanish). Each one is a neighbourhood and each neighbourhood is unique. Dramatic and vibrant, these are a few of our favourites:
Valparaiso Street Art Tour
If you wander in the safer neighbourhoods of Cerro Concepción, Cerro Alegre, and Cerro Bellavista, you can easily tour Valparaiso street art on your own. However, if you want a bit of history and don’t want to miss some of the most famous pieces (we missed the piano steps), a dedicated street art or graffiti tour is the best option.
We took a city tour with Tours4Tips that naturally included some street art as it is so intricately engrained in Valpo culture. In retrospect, I think a cultural and street art walking tour would have been a better option for us. It visits street art we missed, including the open-air graffiti museum on Cerro Polanco, an area often recommended to be visited only with a guide (safety issues).
Vibrant Staircases in Valparaiso
What really caught me in Valparaiso is the stair art. I have seen this style before, but always as a one-off. Being built on so many hills, Valparaiso is like San Francisco with staircases everywhere you turn. However, Valparaiso steps are painted, tiled, or otherwise decorated.
Unlike the famous Selaron Steps in Rio de Jainero, in Valpo the top side of nearly every step we came upon was undecorated concrete. I don’t know if this is because walking on the art would eventually destroy it, or just a way to offer encouragement to those heading uphill. Either way, the effect highlights an incredibly talented group of artists.
History of Valparaiso Street Art
Summing up the history of Valparaiso street art in a few sentences, I will start with Pablo Neruda. The Chilean poet brought mural artists to the city. Then, in 1973 under the military dictatorship of General Augusto Pinochet, street artists in Valparaiso were forced underground and risked “disappearing” if caught. It was especially dangerous to those who painted political messages. In 1990, with the return to freedom, the Valparaiso city government legalized street art. Today, the city attracts creative artists from around the world.
Respect Amongst Valparaiso Graffiti Artists
Our city guide discussed the strong respect between creative people. She added that as street art and graffiti gained popularity, many homeowners found their homes tagged. The solution is to commission a mural, thus “protecting” their home from graffiti.
More Street Art in Valparaiso
Here are a few more of our favourite images:
Valparaiso as a Day Trip from Santiago
A port city, Valpo is a destination on its own or a day trip from Santiago, Chile’s capital city. We spent several days in Valparaiso and could have easily stayed longer. However, if you’re based in Santiago or have limited time, a day trip might be the perfect option.
Tips for Searching for Valparaiso Street Art
- Bring a camera. I shot the street art on this page with both my Olympus OMD-Em5 and a few of the shots on the Olympus TG5. The first is a mirrorless technology camera with interchangeable lenses. It’s the perfect travel camera. However, when heading into less safe neighbourhoods or underwater, I want my waterproof, crushproof, portable TG5 that easily tucks away in a pocket when not in use. Both cameras can shoot RAW format.
- Take extra precautions if you are looking for street art in the Van Buren District or on Cerro Polanco.
- Street art fans, don’t miss this collection of South American graffiti and street art images.
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